African Americans had attended and participated in the Tri-State Fair well into the 1870's. Following the collapse of Reconstruction and the 1896 "separate but equal" legalized segregation, Memphis blacks and whites occupied two separate societies. In 1911, prominent African-Americans founded, organized, and ran their own fair called the "Negro Tri-State Fair". It was held at the Fairgrounds a few days after the white fair closed. This was an important event in the black community for decades. When the white fair changed its name to the Mid-South Fair in 1928, the black fair became simply the Tri-State Fair until it was discontinued in 1959. The Mid-South Fair was integrated in 1962.